Expecting Mothers' Guide

Understanding Pregnancy and Gum Disease

Protecting Your Smile and Your Baby

Dental Hygienist Amsterdam

Welcome to our blog post on pregnancy and gum disease! Pregnancy is an exciting time, but it’s important to be aware of the potential impact of hormonal changes on your oral health. In this blog post, we will explore the connection between pregnancy and gum disease and provide tips for maintaining healthy gums during pregnancy.

Understanding the Link Between Pregnancy and Gum Disease

During pregnancy, hormonal changes can affect your gums, making them more sensitive and prone to inflammation. This can lead to a condition called pregnancy gingivitis, which is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. If left untreated, pregnancy gingivitis can progress to gum disease, which is a more serious oral health condition that can potentially harm both you and your baby.


The hormonal changes during pregnancy, combined with other factors such as poor oral hygiene, increased sugar intake, and stress, can contribute to the development of gum disease. Gum disease has been linked to various complications during pregnancy, including premature birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes.


Does gum disease affect the baby?

Yes, gum disease can potentially affect the baby during pregnancy. Studies have shown that pregnant individuals with untreated gum disease may be at a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as premature birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes.

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the tissues supporting the teeth, including the gums, bone, and ligaments. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss and can also cause bacteria to enter the bloodstream and travel to other parts of the body, potentially affecting the developing fetus.

Can gum disease cause miscarriage?

There is evidence that suggests a link between gum disease and an increased risk of miscarriage, although the exact relationship between the two is still being researched and understood. Some studies have found that untreated gum disease during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, while others have not found a significant association.

Does gum disease get worse in pregnancy?

Yes, gum disease can worsen during pregnancy due to hormonal changes that occur in the body. Pregnancy hormones can affect the gums and make them more sensitive and prone to inflammation, which can lead to a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. Pregnancy gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums, and if left untreated, it can progress to more severe forms of gum disease.

Can I pass gingivitis to my baby?

Gingivitis itself is not contagious and cannot be directly passed from a mother to her baby. However, the bacteria that cause gum disease, including gingivitis, can be transmitted from the mother to the baby through activities that involve saliva exchange, such as sharing utensils, kissing on the mouth, or cleaning a pacifier with the mother’s saliva.

Babies are not born with the bacteria that cause gum disease. However, they can acquire these bacteria from their caregivers after birth, including the mother. Once the bacteria are introduced into the baby’s mouth, they can potentially cause gum disease in the baby if proper oral hygiene practices are not followed.

Do I need to tell my dentist I'm pregnant?

Yes, it’s important to be proactive about your oral health during pregnancy to prevent and manage pregnancy gingivitis and gum disease. Always consult your dental hygienist and dentist about your pregnancy. Here are some tips to help maintain healthy gums during pregnancy:

  • Practice thorough oral hygiene 

  • Be mindful of gum health

  • Visit your dental professional regularly

  • Eat a healthy diet 

  • Stay hydrated

  • Manage stress

  • Communicate with your healthcare provider

Can you treat gum disease while pregnant?

Yes, gum disease can be treated during pregnancy, and it is important to address it promptly to prevent potential adverse effects on both the mother and the baby’s health. However, it’s essential to consider certain precautions and work closely with your dental professional and healthcare provider to ensure safe and effective treatment during pregnancy. Here are some considerations for treating gum disease during pregnancy:

  • Consult with your healthcare provider before undergoing any dental treatment during pregnancy,
  • Timing of treatment: Depending on the severity of gum disease, treatment may be recommended at different times during pregnancy
  • Non-surgical treatments: Non-surgical treatments, such as professional dental cleanings (also known as scaling and root planing), may be recommended to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums and reduce inflammation. These treatments are typically safe during pregnancy and can help manage gum disease.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as antibiotics or antimicrobial rinses, may be prescribed to treat gum disease.
  • Home care: Practicing good oral hygiene at home.
  • Follow-up appointments: Regular follow-up appointments with your dental professional is necessary. 


It’s important to note that untreated gum disease during pregnancy can potentially harm both the mother and the baby, so it’s crucial to address it promptly with the guidance of your dental professional and healthcare provider. By taking appropriate precautions and following recommended treatment protocols, gum disease can be managed effectively during pregnancy to support oral health and overall well-being for both the mother and the baby.

Dental Hygienist Amsterdam Pregnancy

Guided biofilm therapy AND PREGNANCY

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